Andy Warhol (1928-1987), artist, print maker, film maker, director, producer - a leading light in the pop art movement in the 20th century.
Born on 6th August 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Warhol studied commercial art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts in pictorial design in 1949, before beginning his career in magazine illustration in New York.
Warhol began exhibiting his work during the 1950s, at the Hugo Gallery and the Bodley Gallery in New York, and the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles (the debut of his famous Cambell’s Soup Cans). His first solo exhibition was held at Stable Gallery in New York in 1962, in which same year MoMA hosted a Symposium on Pop Art featuring Warhol’s work.
Warhol founded his own studio ‘The Factory’ in the early 1960s, and a wide range of artists, writers, celebrities and musicians collaborated or exhibited there. In 1964 Warhol exhibited The American Supermarket held in Paul Bianchini’s gallery in New York. The show – designed like the average American supermarket – confronted Warhol’s viewers with questions of consumerism, the perennial nature of what art is - or should be - and the links between market culture and artistic representation or documentation.
Warhol began to work on commission in the 1970s, painting celebrity portraits which would later be exhibited in the Jewish Museum in Manhattan in 1980. In the wake of an attempt on his life in 1968, security at The Factory was increased and Warhol devoted more time to securing wealthy patrons. His subjects included the Shah of Iran, Mick Jagger, Prince and Diana Ross.
Following his death in 1987 Warhol’s entire estate was gifted to The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.